Dr.Sumit Chattopadhyay

What to Expect During Tympanoplasty Surgery? 


Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure that repairs a ruptured or perforated eardrum. It can improve hearing, reduce the risk of ear infections, and prevent further damage to the middle and inner ear. If you’re scheduled for tympanoplasty, you may be wondering what to expect during the surgery. Here’s an overview of what typically happens during tympanoplasty surgery: 

Pre-Operative Preparation 

Before the surgery, you’ll meet with your surgeon and anesthesiologist to go over the details of the procedure and discuss any questions or concerns you may have. You may be asked to fast for a certain period before the surgery, usually 8 hours. You’ll also be instructed to avoid taking certain medications, such as blood thinners or aspirin, as they can increase the risk of bleeding during the surgery. 


Tympanoplasty is typically performed under general anesthesia, which means you’ll be asleep during the procedure. This allows the surgeon to perform the surgery without causing any discomfort or pain. The anesthesiologist will administer the anesthesia through an IV in your arm, and you’ll be asleep within a few minutes. 

The Surgical Procedure 

Once you’re under anesthesia, the surgeon will begin the surgical procedure. They will make an incision behind the ear or inside the ear canal and use a microscope to visualize the eardrum and middle ear. They will then remove any scar tissue or debris and use the graft to repair the hole or tear in the eardrum. If necessary, the surgeon may also repair or replace the bones in the middle ear that conduct sound to the inner ear. 

The duration of the surgery can vary depending on the extent of the repair needed, but typically takes around 1-2 hours. 

Post-Operative Recovery 

After the surgery, you’ll be taken to a recovery room where you’ll be monitored for several hours as the anesthesia wears off. You may experience some pain or discomfort, which can be managed with pain medication. You may also have a dressing or bandage covering the surgical site, which should be kept dry and clean. 

Most people are able to go home the same day as the surgery, but you’ll need someone to drive you as you won’t be able to drive yourself. It’s important to follow the post-operative instructions provided by your surgeon, which may include: 

  • Taking pain medication as prescribed 
  • Avoiding activities that could put pressure on the ear, such as blowing your nose or swimming 
  • Keeping the surgical site clean and dry 
  • Avoiding strenuous activities for several weeks 
  • Following up with your surgeon for a post-operative appointment 

Risks and Complications 

Tympanoplasty is generally a safe procedure, but as with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications. These can include: 

  • Infection 
  • Bleeding 
  • Damage to the facial nerve or other structures in the ear 
  • Recurrence of the perforation 
  • Hearing loss or change in hearing. 

It’s important to discuss these risks with your surgeon before the surgery and follow their post-operative instructions carefully to minimize the risk of complications. 

Tympanoplasty is a safe and effective procedure for repairing a ruptured or perforated eardrum. While every surgery is different, understanding what to expect during the surgery and the post-operative recovery can help you feel more prepared and at ease. If you’re considering tympanoplasty, talk to an ENT specialist to determine if it’s the right option for you.